Nephrology and Dialysis

Nephrology is the branch of medicine that deals with the kidneys and their diseases. Dialysis is a treatment that helps people with kidney failure to remove waste products and extra fluid from their blood.

Kidney Failure

Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys are no longer able to function properly. This can be caused by a number of factors, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and glomerulonephritis. Kidney failure can be either acute or chronic.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a sudden loss of kidney function that happens within a few hours or days. AKI is usually reversible, but it can be serious and even life-threatening.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-term loss of kidney function. CKD is a progressive disease that gets worse over time. If CKD is not treated, it can lead to kidney failure.


Dialysis is a treatment that helps people with kidney failure to remove waste products and extra fluid from their blood. There are two main types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

Hemodialysis is a type of dialysis that uses a machine to filter the blood. The blood is pumped through a filter, which removes waste products and extra fluid. Hemodialysis is usually done three times per week, for four hours each time.

Peritoneal dialysis is a type of dialysis that uses the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum) as a filter. A special solution is introduced into the abdomen and allowed to circulate for a few hours. The waste products and extra fluid are absorbed into the solution, which is then drained out. Peritoneal dialysis can be done at home or in a clinic.


A nephrologist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of kidney disease. Nephrology doctors can provide a range of services, including:

  • Diagnosing and treating kidney disease
  • Managing kidney failure
  • Performing kidney transplants
  • Educating patients about kidney disease
  • Living With Kidney Disease

Living with kidney disease can be challenging, but with the right treatment and support, people with kidney disease can live long and healthy lives. It is important to work closely with your nephrologist to develop a treatment plan that is right for you. You should also make lifestyle changes to help manage your kidney disease, such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and managing your blood pressure. Vaishali hospital has the facility of Nephrologist and Dialysis.